Healthy Eating for Older Adults

Food and Health

Nutrition plays an important role in preventing or managing many health conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and arthritis. Food does not take the place of a doctor's care or medication, but it can improve symptoms, and may even help decrease the amount of medication you need. Listed below are foods and their potential health benefits.

Fruits and Vegetables

These contain carbohydrates, which we all need for energy, but are especially important for those with diabetes. They also have fiber that helps control blood glucose, and can improve heart health. Fruits and vegetables are a great source of cancer-fighting antioxidants, and have anti-inflammatory properties, which can help aching joints.

White and whole wheat breads

Whole Grains

Whole grains foods are a great source of fiber, which can help stabilize blood sugar and clear out cholesterol. Soluble fiber (the kind found in oats) is especially helpful for your heart.


Fish is a source of lean protein and healthful fats. These can help control blood glucose, and also aid in recovery and weight management for those receiving cancer treatments. It is also a good source of Omega 3 fatty acids, which can reduce swelling in joints and protect our hearts.

Nuts and Oils

These are great sources of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, which are good for our hearts and help lower cholesterol. They are a dense source of calories for those trying to gain or maintain weight, and they also take a long time to digest. This can help us feel fuller longer, and also help with blood sugar control.


Dairy products like milk, yogurt, and cottage cheese are a good source of carbohydrates, calcium and protein. This can also help with blood glucose control and osteoporosis prevention.